Nepal is situated between the latitudes 260 22’ and 300 27’ N and the longitudes 800 40’ and 880 12’ E. About 86 % of the total land area is covered by hills and high mountains, and the remaining 14% are flat lands of Terai. The altitude ranges from 60 m (Kechana kolan, Jhapa) to 8848 m (Top of the world, Mt. Everest). The climate is broadly classified into cold Arctic/Nival (above 3000 m), cold temperate (2000-3000 m), warm temperate (1500-2000 m), subtropical (1000-1500m) and tropical (below 1000m). Nepal is divided into 7 physiographical regions which occur in the following order from south to north: Terai, Siwaliks, Mahabharat lekh, Midhills, Himalayas, Inner Himalayas and The Tibetan Marginal Mountain Range (Hagen, 1998).

The oriental use of fungi dates back to very early age as depicted by Ayurveda (an ancient science on human health), which principally originated from Rigveda and Yajurveda (Adhikari, 1981-2, 1999, 2000). The Ayurveda based classics such as Samhita (Charak, Shushrut, Kashyap) and Nighantus (Ratnakar, Bhavprakasgh, Madanpal, Chandra) though narrated in different ways have the same view. Charak (also known as Agnivesha tantra, written in 1500 BC) states that excepting the re supinate forms (which are attached to the substrate by stipe) rest is toxic to liver, heavy to digest and have sedative properties. They are, therefore, not suggested as edible ones. In Shushrut (written by Dhawnantari, 1000 to 1500 BC) the mushrooms are considered as vegetables. They are mild in taste and contain fat and protein. Those species which grow on straw are agreeable in taste. The mushrooms growing on sugar cane are bitter in taste and have sedative properties. The mushrooms because cough, gastric trouble, arthritis, liver trouble, enhances urinary excretion, act as purgative and favor the multiplication of parasites in the body. The species growing on bamboos cause stomach disorder. The species growing on dung are bitter. They are responsible for causing sweating and arthritis. It is advised that mushroom are not to be eaten with milk (Adhikari, 2000). The regular eating of the mushrooms may cause or produce some abnormalities in human body structure or physiology, which can either be noticed or unnoticed. Some cases can be detected to have abnormal appearance. The cases can be studied in such areas where there is scarcity of food materials and the inhabitants have to rely mostly on the wild species.

Important of Herbal (tisane) teas
Plants are the richest resource of drugs of traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs (Hammer et al., 1999). Medicinal plants have been used for centuries before the advent of orthodox medicine (Sharma et al., 2010). Herbal medicine is still the mainstay of about 75 - 80% of the whole population, and the major part of traditional therapy involves the use of plant extract and their active constituents (Akerele, 1993). Among the 7,000 species of medicinal plants recognized all over the world, more than 900 types of precious medicinal plants are said to be found in Nepal (Manandhar, 2000). About 1500 plants are systematically used in indigenous system of medicine, like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha (Joshi et al, 2010). However, the scientists are constantly still in search of medicinal efficacy of plants and their phytochemicals. Herbal and natural products have been used in folk medicine for centuries throughout the world, but there are relatively lower incidences of adverse reactions to plant preparations compared to modern conventional pharmaceuticals. In the recent years, the development of resistance of pathogens against antibiotics has become a difficult issue caused by the indiscriminate use of modern antibiotics (Kunin, 1993). Resistance to antimicrobial agents is recognized at present as a major global public health problem. In the industrialized nations, despite the progress made in the understanding of microorganisms and their control, incidences of epidemics due to drug resistant microorganisms and the emergence of hitherto unknown disease causing microbes, pose enormous public health concerns (Iwu et al., 1999). Plants have traditionally been proven and are being used to cure several diseases from time immemorial. Further, drugs such as sulphanilamides, butylscopolamine, hyosyamine, methyl salicylic acid, quinine etc, which are being used in allopathic medicine, have been extracted, derived or fabricated from different plants. This is a non-deniable evidence of plant biodiversity being the most important potential source of such new antimicrobial drugs from plants. Thus screening of plant extracts and secondary metabolites may provide an important lead to the discovery of highly efficient ideal drug.

Many of the herbs and plants found in the Himlayas are used in traditional healing systems like Ayurvedic, Homoeopathic, Amchi etc. Some of these plants are even used for allopathic medicine. Medicinal plants are abundantly found in: the Terai region of Nawalparasi, Chitwan, Bardia, Dhanusha, mid hill region of  Makhwanpur, Syangja, Kaski, Lamgjung, Dolakha, Parvat, Ilam, Ramechhap, Nuwakot, and the Himalayan region of Dolpa, Mugu, Humla, Jumla, Manang, Mustang and Solukhumbu.

Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants. Record from 2006 shows that Nepal has 6,391 flowering plant species, representing 1,590 genera and 231 families. Nepal’s share of flowering plant species is 2.76 percent of the global total compared to earlier records of 2.36 percent. Nepal’s share of pteriodophytes is 5.15 percent compared to earlier records of 4.45 percent.

It is reported that in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., in the course of his survey, Jivaka, the Royal Physician during Buddha’s time, examined all the plants growing in the specified area. These observations are of special significance for the rich herbal flora of Nepal, which has tremendous need for critical scientific examination. It may be concluded that the inside knowledge of herbal therapy for the healing of humanity is the vital part these mysterious herbal plants have now to play, and it can be hoped that their contributions would be of great practical importance.

Herbal teas are often consumed for their physical or medicinal effects, especially for their stimulant, relaxant or sedative properties. The medicinal effects of certain herbs are discussed under herbalism. Available as pure or blended samples, herbal teas are popular because of their fragrance, antioxidant properties and therapeutic applications. The antioxidant properties (AOP) of herbal teas from temperate plants of mainly Lamiaceae have been well-studied while those of tropical herbal teas are less well-studied. Recently, a comparative study showed that tropical herbal teas were more diverse in types and more variable in AOP values than temperate herbal teas.

Due to increasing export demand, dependence of the local people on the herbal flora and their implicit faith in the old tradition of Ayurvedic medicine would go a long way in exploiting the wild plants for commercial return and in expanding research activities to gain productive results.

Herbal tea is made from many plants, using not just the leaves, but also the flowers, roots, bark and seeds. At Celestial Seasonings, our herbal tea recipes blend the flavors of different botanicals from around the world – resulting in an infinite variety of healthful taste sensations. In fact, this exploration of the many flavors, remedies and benefits of herbal teas is one of the greatest pleasures of working with herbs — there's an herbal tea that’s just right for every mood and every moment.

The herbs are part of Nepal’s centuries-old indigenous ayurvedic healthcare system, which emphasizes disease prevention through proper diet and life style. Medicinal herbs are used both to boost immunity and to treat disease when it arises. But because these remedies have become increasingly popular around the world, Nepal’s native herb supply is diminishing rapidly. Herbal tea has their healing power as they are the mixture of natural herbal ingredients, Physicians diagnose not so much the disease, but the imbalance in the body/mind system that is behind the symptoms. Treatment is with herbal preparations and lifestyle change. Diagnosis looks at the three elemental energies that give us our physical characteristics.

Ayurveda combines a study of the physical, mental and emotional aspects of health. For treatment, Ayurveda relies heavily on the use of remedies made from herbs and individual dietary and exercise regimes.

These are:

VATA (the air/wind element), the force behind movement and energy in the body. Vata dominant people are often nervous, thin, have difficulty concentrating, but are creative, talkative and spontaneous.

PITTA (the fire element), the force behind digestion and metabolism. Pitta dominant people have a moderate build, strong will, get things done, have sharp minds. When there is too much pitta they tend to be irritable, have poor digestion and loose bowels. 

KAPHA (the earth/water element), Kapha dominant people tend to have heavy builds, even tempers, are slow moving, tend to get colds, like regularity, and are compassionate.

Unlike other forms of tea, herbal teas contain no caffeine.  All smells and taste are natural and not necessary that the taste should be great and are easy to drink. Herbal teas consist of a blend of herbal ingredients, designed to bring about a specific purpose, such as relaxation, rejuvenation, relief and from other specific condition.

Considering all above mentioned fact, our experienced Ayurvedic person selects the combinations of herbal, for properly needs. Herbal teas are not medicine but it is very helpful if you do choice the proper one. Drinking the herbal tea, you got changing your lifestyle.

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